About Tsi:karistisere/Dundee Land Claim
The territory known as Tsi:karistisere/Dundee is located in the most westerly portion of Quebec, and the south shore of the St. Lawrence River.
In 1981, MCA filed a Specific Claim for the return of the Tsi:karistisere/Dundee lands, with it being partially accepted in 1988. In 1995, the MCA resubmitted the Specific Claim, after the Blueberry River Indian Band v. Canada established that the Crown had a fiduciary duty to protect First Nation’s from exploitive land surrenders. Negotiations were stalled amid tensions at the US/Canada Border and Akwesasne, in the 1990’s; but in 2004 negotiations continued through 2015, covering areas such as valuation, including environmental and archaeological studies. In 2015, Canada offered the MCA a global offer of $239,808,436 for the full and final compensation of the Tsi:karistisere/Dundee lands, with the ability to purchase up to 18,282 acres of land. These lands, once purchased, would go through the Additions to Reserve (ATR) process and essentially create an entirely new district of the Akwesasne Mohawk Territory.
Compensation in the amount of $239,808,436 to the Mohawks of Akwesasne from the Government of Canada for the full and final settlement of the Dundee Specific Claim.
Land Reserve Rights
Ability to purchase and add, through the Additions to Reserve (ATR) process, up to 18,282 acres of land as a reserve with no time limitation in acquiring these lands.
Global Settlement Offer
As a global Settlement Offer, this will effectively end any grievances of Akwesasne toward Canada with respect to the lands in Dundee and operate as a full release of Canada for those damages contemplated within the Dundee Specific Claim.
British began surveying land
King George III issues Royal Proclamation
Surveying of individual lots on Tsi:karístisere
Non-native settlers begin to make 99-year renewable lease agreements with Akwesasne settlers
Indian Agent John Davidson, a Dundee resident, does not enforce lease payments to Akwesasne landowners; Akwesasne residents are charged with trespassing on leased land
Land needed for timber and farming; Akwesasne landowners’ first petition to return land due to expired leases
Second petition to return lands delivered to Prime Minister and and Dept. of Indian Affairs
Akwesasne landowners arrested for trespassing on leased lands; Indian Agent denies their request for a lawyer
Akwesasne forced to buy back own land when seeking Sugar Bush Island; only 10% of lost lands are re-purchased, using proceeds from the 1888 “surrender”
Lt. Isaac LeClerc is appointed new Indian Agent
Solomon Chesley is appointed new Indian Agent
Tsi:karístisere becomes the new Township of Dundee
Non-Native settlers want clear title of Tsi:karístisere and surrender of lands
Resolution passed for Akwesasne residents to begin re-occupying expired leased lands; Commission of Inquiry to address settler concerns is established
Commission of Inquiry report: Canada recommends the surrender of Tsi:karístisere by Akwesasne; Invalid surrender of Tsi:karístisere lands, along with a $50,000 compensation
Canada and Akwesasne come to an agreement to protect environmentally sensitive lands at Tsi:karístisere
The Mohawk Council of Akwesasne files a Specific Claim for the return of Tsi:karístisere/Dundee lands.
MCA resubmits Claim in wake of Blueberry River Indian Band v. Canada, which established that the Crown had a duty to protect First Nations from exploitative land surrenders
Tsi:karístisere Specific Claim is partially accepted for negotiation
Active negotiations between MCA and Canada on all aspects of the Claim resume; land valuation, environmental and archeological studies are conducted; Akwesasne Claims Advisory Committee forms